NewhallStation

      Advanced Search
Contact Us  |  About Us    
  My Account   Cart Contents   Checkout   
  Home » Japanese Train Symbols My Account  |  Cart Contents  |  Checkout   
Categories

Kato N Scale
  DCC & Parts
  Diesel Locomotives
  Electric Locomotives
  Freight Cars
  Passenger Trains
  Steam Locomotives
  Structures
  Scenery & Figures
  Track & Power

Tomix N Scale
  Diesel Locomotives
  Electric Locomotives
  Freight Cars
  Passenger Trains
  Structures
  Thomas and Friends
  Track & Power
  Other Items

Microace N Scale
  Diesel Locomotives
  Electric Locomotives
  Freight Cars
  Passenger Trains
  Steam Locomotives

Other N Scale
  Diesel Locomotives
  Electric Locomotives
  Freight Cars
  Other Items
  Steam Locomotives

HO Scale Items
  Diesel Locomotives
  Electric Locomotives
  Freight Cars
  Passenger Trains
  Steam Locomotives
  Track & Power
Manufacturers
Information
About Us
Contact Us
Privacy Policy
Reviews
Shipping & Returns
Shipping Rates
Specials!
Starter Sets
Terms and Conditions
Testimonials
Train Symbols
What's New
Links
What's New? more
Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Sodor Mail - Car - Tomix 93809
Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Sodor Mail - Car - Tomix 93809
$59.99
$49.99
What's New? more
Electric Locomotive Type EF510 "Red Thunder" - Tomix 2162
Electric Locomotive Type EF510 "Red Thunder" - Tomix 2162
$129.99
Japanese Train Symbols Japanese Train Symbols


Here are the detailed explanations and information regarding the naming and numbering schemes used for all the Japanese train symbols.

Electric Trains | Shinkansen Bullet Trains | Diesel Trains | Electric Locomotives
Diesel Locomotives | Passenger Cars | Freight Cars

Electric Trains
(Except Shinkansen Bullet Trains)

(1)=Type   (2)=Usage   (3)=Electric System   (4)=Classification   (5)=Developed Order
(6)=Classification Number   (7)=Manufacturing Number
(1) Type This symbol shows if the car is equipped with a motor or a cab.

Symbol Type Examples
KUMO Motorized with Cab   KUMOHA, KUMORO, KUMOYA  
MO Motorized MOHA, MORO, MOHANE
KU Cab KUHA, KURO, KURU
SA Accompanying car SAHA, SARO, SAHASI

Basic type are MO, KU and SA.
Car with a cab is equipped with a motorman's seat (similar cars at both ends).
Accompanying car is a train car without a motor or a cab.
(2) Usage This symbol shows what the car is used for.

Symbol Type Examples
RO First class KUMORO, MORO, KURO, SARO
HA Normal class KUMOHA, MOHA, KUHA, SAHA
RONE First class Sleeping car SARONE
HANE Normal class Sleeping car   MOHANE, KUHANE, SAHANE
SI Dining car SAHASI
NI Luggage car KUMONI
YA Crew car MOYA, SAYA
YU Mail car KUMOYUNI
RU Storage car KUMORU, KURU

Symbols may be combined with (1)Type and (2)Usage. For example, SAHASI, KUMOYUNI...
(3) Electric System This symbol shows which electric is used for the car.

Number Type Examples
1 -3 Direct Current (DC)
(can only run on Direct current section)
Series 103, 221, 381
4 - 6 Direct and Alternating Current (DC/AC)
(equipped with an inverter and can run on both sections)  
Series 485, 521, 683
7 - 8 Alternating Current (AC)
(can only run on Alternating Current section)  
Series 731, 787, 813
9 Trial car Series 991
(4) Classification This symbol shows what type of train it is.

Number Type Examples
0 - 3 Normal train (Commuter train, Suburban train)   Series 103, 415, 221, E331
4 Working train (Inspection car, Rescue car) KUMOYA145
5 - 8 Express train Series E255, 373, 681
9 Trial train Series 991
(5) Developed Order This number is used as a developed order of the train but this may not apply to newly developed trains.
(6) Classification Number Depending on the operation area or manufacturing period, trains have a classification number such as Type *000.

For example, Series 223 had the following classification numbers: Type 0, Type 100, Type 1000, Type 2000, Type 2500, Type 5000
(7) Manufacturing Number Basically, manufacturing number is named starting from 1 with its manufacturing order.
Back to Top


Shinkansen Bullet Trains

(1)=Classification   (2)=Usage   (3)=Type   (4)=Classification Number   (5)=Manufacturing Number
(1) Classification These are the Shinkansen trains operated currently:

[JR Tokai]  Tokaido, Sanyo Shinkansen
  • 3 = Series 300  Nozomi, HIkari, Kodama
  • 7 = Series 700  Nozomi, HIkari, Kodama
  • 7 = Series N700

    [JR West]  Tokaido, Sanyo Shinkansen
  • 0 = Series 0  Kodama
  • 1 = Series 100 Kodama
  • 3 = Series 300 Hikari, Kodama
  • 5 = Series 500 Nozomi
  • 7 = Series 700 Nozomi, HIkari, Kodama

    [JR Kyushu]  Kyushu Shinkansen
  • 8 = Series 800

    [JR East]  Tohoku, Jouetsu, Nagano, Yamagata, Akita Shinkansen
  • 2 = Series 200
  • 4 = Series 400
  • E1 = Series E1
  • E2 = Series E2
  • E3 = Series E3
  • E4 = Series E4
  • (2) Usage
  • 1 = First Class
  • 2 = Normal Class
  • 3 = Dining Car
  • 4 = First Class Double Decker
  • 5 = Normal Class Double Decker
  • 6 = Dining Car Double Decker / First Class & Normal Class combination
  • 7 = First Class & Normal Class Double Decker / First Class
  • 8 = Normal Class

    * There are some cars where this numbering format may not apply.
  • (3) Type
  • 1-2 = Motorized with Cab (equipped with a motorman's seat)
  • 3-4 = Cab (equipped with a motorman's seat)
  • 5-7 = Motorized
  • 8-9 = Accompanying car
  • (4) Classification Depending on the operation area or manufacturing period, trains have a classification number such as Type 3000, 5000, 7000
    (7) Manufacturing Number The manufacturing number is numbered starting from 1 with its manufacturing order.
    Back to Top


    Diesel Trains

    (1)=Diesel Train   (2)=Usage   (3)=Engine   (4)=Cab   (5)=Manufacturing Number
    (1) Diesel Train All Diesel Train start with the symbol "KI".
    A car with a cab and without a motor is named as "KU".
    A car without a cab and a motor is named as "SA".
    (2) Usage This symbol shows what the car is used for.

    Symbol Usage
    RO First class
    HA Normal class
    RONE First class Sleeping car
    HANE Normal class Sleeping car
    SI Dining car
    NI Luggage car
    YA Crew car
    YU Mail car
    RU Storage car

    (3) Engine
  • 0 = Mechanical Gas Electric Engine
  • 1 = Engine with Torque Converter (body width 2.6 meter)
  • 2-4 = Engine with Torque Converter (body width 2.8 meter)
  • 5 = Two Engine with Torque Converter
  • 6-7 = High Power Engine with Torque Converter
  • 8 = High Power Engine with Torque Converter (Express Type)
  • 9 = Trial Car
  • (4) Cab
  • 0-4 = Cab on both ends
  • 5-9 = Cab on one end or car without a cab
  • (5) Manufacturing Number The manufacturing number is named starting from 1 with its manufacturing order.
    Back to Top


    Electric Locomotives

    (1)=Electric Locomotive   (2)=Number of Driving Axles   (3)=Electric System and Speed   (4)=Developed Order
    (5)=Classification Number   (6)=Manufacturing Number
    (1) Electric Locomotive All Electric Locomotive starts with the symbol "E".
    (2) Number of Driving Axles This shows how many driving axles the locomotive is equipped with.
  • D = 4 driving axles   -   Examples: ED75, ED76, ED79

  • F = 6 driving axles   -   Examples: EF66, EF81, EF210

  • H = 8 driving axles   -   Examples: EH500, EH200
  • (3) Electric System and Speed Japan National Railway Type (this will not apply to new locomotives which have 3 digit numbers)
  • 1-2 = Direct Current (DC) - Low Speed   -   Examples: EF15, ED18
  • 3 = Direct and Alternating Current (DC/AC) - Low Speed   This locomotive does not exist
  • 4 = Alternating Current (AC) - Low Speed   This locomotive does not exist
  • 5-6 = Direct Current (DC) - High Speed   -   Examples: EF58, EF65, EF66
  • 7 = Alternating current (AC) - High Speed   -   Examples: ED75, ED76, ED79
  • 8 = Direct and Alternating Current (DC/AC) - High Speed   -   Examples: EF81
  • 9 = Trial Car
  • Low Speed would be maximum speed lower than 85km/h.
    High speed would be maximum speed higher than 85km/h.
    Newly developed locomotives with 3 digit numbers are of the following 6 types:
  • Direct Current (High Speed) - EF200, EF210, EH200
  • Alternating Current (High Speed) - EF500, EH500, EF510
  • (4) Developed Order This number is used as a developed order of the locomotive but this may not apply to newly developed locomotives.
    (5) Classification Number Depending on the operation area or manufacturing period, trains have a classification number (there are some locomotives without this number).
    (6) Manufacturing Number The manufacturing number is allocated starting from 1 with its manufacturing order.
    Back to Top


    Diesel Locomotives

    (1)=Diesel Locomotive   (2)=Number of Driving Axles   (3)=Speed   (4)=Developed Order
    (5)=Classification Number   (6)=Manufacturing Number
    (1) Diesel Locomotive All Diesel Locomotives start with the symbol "D".
    (2) Number of Driving Axles This shows how many driving axle the locomotive is equipped.
  • D = 4 driving axle   -   Example: DD51
  • E = 5 driving axle   -   Example: DE10
  • F = 6 driving axle   -   Example: DF200
  • (3) Speed Japan National Railway Type (this will not apply to new locomotives)
  • 1-4 = Low Speed   -   Example: DE10
  • 5-8 = High Speed   -   Example: DD51
  • 9 = Trial Car
  • Low Speed would be maximum speed lower than 85km/h.
    High speed would be maximum speed higher than 85km/h.
    (4) Developed Order This number is used as a developed order of the locomotive but this may not apply to newly developed locomotives.
    (5) Classification Number Depending on the operation area or manufacturing period, trains have a classification number (there are some locomotives without this number).
    (6) Manufacturing Number The manufacturing number is allocated starting from 1 with its manufacturing order.
    Back to Top


    Passenger Cars

    (1)=Weight Category   (2)=Usage   (3)=Electric System   (4)=Classification   (5)=Developed Order
    (6)=Classification Number   (7)=Manufacturing Number
    (1) Weight Category This symbol shows the weight of the car.

    Symbol Weight Examples
    KA More than 47.5 tons   KANI, KAYA
    MA 42.5-47.5 tons MAITE, MANI
    SU 37.5-2.5 tons SUHA, SUROFU
    O 32.5-37.5 tons OHA, ORONE
    NA 27.5-32.5 tons NAHA, NASI
    HO 22.5-27.5 tons
    KO Less than 22.5 tons
    (2) Usage This symbol shows what the car is used for.

    Symbol Usage Examples
    I Old Type First class   MAITE
    RO First class ORO, ORONE
    HA Normal class SUHA, OHANE
    NE Sleeping car RONE, HANE
    SI Dining car OSI, SUSI
    YU Mail car OYU, SUYUNI
    NI Luggage car KANI, MANI
    YA Crew car OYA, MAYA
    TE Observation car MAITE, OKUHATE
    E Relief car SUE
    FU Conductors car SUHAFU, OHANEFU (car equipped with a conductors cabin)
    KU Cab car OKUHATE (car equipped with a motorman's seat)
    (3) Classification Number Depending on the operation area or manufacturing period, trains have a classification number such as Type 20.
    (4) Car Number Car number (each number are different with the cars).
    Back to Top


    Freight Cars

    (1)=Usage   (2)=Weight Category   (3)=Classification Number
    (1) Usage This symbol shows what the car is used for.

    Symbol Usage Examples
    WA Freight car with roof WAMU80000    
    RE Refrigerator car RE12000
    NA Live fish car
    TA Tank car TAKI43000
    HO Hopper car HOKI9500
    SE Coal car SEKI6000
    TO Freight car without roof   TOKI25000
    RI Sand car
    CHI Long goods car CHI1
    SHI Heavy duty car SHIKI800
    KU Vehicle transporter car KU5000
    KO Container car KOKI10000
    YO Caboose car YO8000
    KI Snowplow car KI100
    YA Inspection car
    E Rescue car
    (2) Weight Category This symbol shows the load capacity of each car.

    Symbol Weight
    - Less than 16 tons  
    MU 14-16 tons
    RA 17-19 tons
    SA 20-24 tons
    KI More than 25 tons
    (3) Classification Number Depending on the operation area or manufacturing period, cars have a classification number.
    Back to Top

    Continue
    Shopping Cart more
    0 items
    We Accept
    Specials more
    Electric Locomotive Type EF58 (Blue color) - Kato 1-301 (HO scale)
    Electric Locomotive Type EF58 (Blue color) - Kato 1-301 (HO scale)
    $339.99
    $269.99
    Bestsellers
    01.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Thomas, Annie and Clarabel - 3 Cars Set - Tomix 93801
    02.Series 500 Shinkansen Bullet Train "Nozomi" - 4 Cars Set - Kato 10-510
    03.Freighter KOKI 200 with Containers UT11C - Kato 8042
    04.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - SC Ruffey Freight 2 Cars Set - Tomix 93803
    05.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Sodor Fuel Tank 2 Cars Set - Tomix 93804
    06.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Percy 2 Cars Set - Tomix 93808
    07.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Henry 2 Cars Set - Tomix 93805
    08.Brake Van Yo 8000 (Mini Caboose) - Kato 8022
    09.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - James 3 Cars Set - Tomix 93802
    10.UNITRAM Starter Set with Power Pack and PORTRAM Tram TLR0601 Red - Kato 40-900
    11.DCC Decoder FL12 (for head & tail lights) - Kato 29-352
    12.Kintetsu Series 10100 New Vista Car (Legend Collection) - 6 Cars Set - Kato 10-295
    13.Thomas the Tank Engine & Friends - Express Coach - 2 Cars Set - Tomix 93806
    14.Double Track Catenary Poles - Kato 23-060
    15.Kato Knuckle Couplers Type N (black) - 20 pieces - Kato 11-702
    Home  |  About Us  |  Contact Us  |  Testimonials  |  Privacy Policy  |  Shipping & Returns
    Shipping Rates  |  Specials!  |  Reviews  |  Starter Sets  |  Terms and Conditions  |  What's New
    Newhall Station is an Upfront Merchant on TheFind. Click for info.
    Copyright © 2005-2014 NewhallStation. All rights reserved.
    Powered by NewhallStudios.com software.